Various Artists
River of Revenge: Brazilian Country Music 1929-1961, Vol. 1
Death Is Not The End
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1Nhá Zefa & Nhô Pai – We'll Never Forget 2:55
2Leôncio & Leonel – Envious Affair 3:06
3Grupo Sertanejo do Lenço Preto – Oh I Cry 2:18
4Mandi & Sorocabinha – Bad Weather 2:42
5Jeca Mineiro & Bambuí – River of Revenge 3:09
6Zé Mané & Zé Pagão – White Rose 2:29
7Zico Dias & Ferrinho – I Went for a Walk in the City 2:38
8Mariano & Caçula – Shaved Moustache 2:58
9Tonico & Tinoco – Example of Faith 2:50
10Moreno & Moreninho – City of Roses 2:52
11Sulino & Marrueiro – Return of the Cowboy 3:22
12Valdomiro & Valdemar – Old Saying 2:42
13Serrinha & Caboclinho – The Crimes and Death of Dioguinho 6:39
14Raul Torres & Serrinha – Friday the 13th 2:37
15Canário & Passarinho – Goodbye 2:48
16Mandi & Sorocabinha – I Dreamt I Had Died 2:23

The first volume in a survey of a form of Brazilian country music known as música caipira ("hillbilly music") - a stripped-back forerunner to música sertaneja, the Brazilian equivalent to US country & western which in it's contemporary form has come to dominate the domestic music industry in recent decades. This collection covers some of the earliest recordings made by the pioneering folklorist Cornélio Pires at the end of the 1920s, through to records from the 30s, 40s & 50s and the beginning of the 60s.

Somewhat rooted in Portuguese troubadour folk traditions, música caipira is typically performed by a duo singing in parallel thirds and sixths, drawing upon a Portuguese-Brazilian style known as moda de viola - with the viola being the viola caipira, a Brazilian-style ten-string guitar that is the core instrument of the music. Born out of the "outback"-style region in north-eastern Brazil, these songs tell stories of pain, love, loss & betrayal - often backed by homemade guitars using invented tunings. Away from the polished pop country & western-stylings of the sertaneja, these recordings could be viewed as the Brazilian equivalent to the roots music of the American dustbowl or Appalachia.